Orthodontic Records and Why They're Necessary
PANORAMIC VIEW X-RAY
This enables us to view the upper and lower jaws, all the teeth and supporting bone, sinuses, and a non-detailed look at the jaw joint. It enables us to see abscesses, cysts and tumors of the jaw, the number of teeth, the angles at which they are coming in, and general health of the bone.
CEPHALOMETRIC VIEW X-RAY
This is an x-ray of the entire head taken from two views. The frontal of full-face view allows us to see any asymmetries of the jaws, the skull, nasal septal deviations, and various diseases of the bone. The profile skull view allows us to measure approximately 50 different areas by which we can construct a growth analysis (child), classify facial type and make accurate predictions as to what will happen without treatment and what can happen with various alternative treatments.
These are very specialized views of the jaw joint, which are routinely taken on patients who have or are suspected of having jaw joint disease. The laminograms allow us to check for correct joint position, anatomical problems, various types of arthritis, and degenerative diseases and malignancies.
Facial photographs allow us to study asymmetry of the face, smile lines, lip competence, and certain facial muscle habits. The smile line is crucial to a truly excellent result. Photographs of the mouth itself allow us to study texture of lips, cheek, tongue, etc. as well as documenting various types of stains or discoloration of teeth. They also allow us to see the malpositions of teeth from various angles.
MOUNTED STUDY MODELS
Plaster models of the teeth are placed on an instrument called an articulator, which can exactly duplicate the position and movements of the jaw joint. This is perhaps the most critical diagnostic aid we have. It gives us a true picture of the way your bite actually is. While this has been routine in our office for many years, most orthodontists, unfortunately, do not use it.
The actual records prescribed for you will be determined by your orthodontist on a case-by-case basis. Having this information will ensure that your orthodontist is able to have a full understanding of your needs and create a treatment plan that will give you the best results possible.
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